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Index > Protein center > Gdf5(Gene name) > Mouse
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  • Gdf5 (Gene name),
  • Growth/differentiation factor 5 (Protein name),  GDF5_MOUSE from NCBI database.
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  • Human Growth/differentiation factor 5, GDF-5 CLIA Kit

    Catalog No: U0550h

    96 Tests

    Operating instruction

    www.eiaab.com

                                                                                  

    FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY; NOT FOR THERAPEUTIC OR DIAGNOSTIC APPLICATIONS!

    PLEASE READ THROUGH ENTIRE PROCEDURE BEFORE BEGINNING!

     

    Intended use

    This chemiluminescence immunoassay kit allows for the in vitro quantitative determination of human Growth/differentiation factor 5, GDF-5 concentrations in serum, tissue homogenates and other biological fluids.

     

    Test principle

    The microtiter plate provided in this kit has been pre-coated with an antibody specific to GDF-5. Standards or samples are then added to the appropriate microtiter plate wells with a biotin-conjugated polyclonal antibody preparation specific for GDF-5 and Avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) is added to each microplate well and incubated. Then a luminol substrate solution is added to each well. Only those wells that contain GDF-5, biotin-conjugated antibody and enzyme-conjugated Avidin will emission wavelength of radiation 425nm (max) chemiluminescence by HRP catalyzed.The concentration of GDF-5 in the samples was positively correlated with the light value. Luminosity is determined by microplate chemiluminescence analyzer (RLU.S-1.PW-1). The concentration of GDF-5 in the samples is then determined by comparing the light value of the samples to the standard curve.

     

     

    Materials and components

    Reagent                                                                                   Quantity

    Assay plate                                                                              1

    Standard                                                                                  2

    Sample Diluent                                                                      1 × 20ml

    Assay Diluent A                                                                      1 × 10ml

    Assay Diluent B                                                                      1 × 10ml

    Detection Reagent A                                                             1 × 120μl

    Detection Reagent B                                                             1 × 120μl

    Wash Buffer(25 x concentrate)                                            1 × 30ml

    Substrate                                                                                 1 × 6ml

    Stop Solution                                                                           1 × 6ml

    Plate sealer for 96 wells                                                        5

    Instruction                                                                                 1

     

    Other supplies required

    microplate chemiluminescence analyzer

    Pipettes and pipette tips.

    EP tube

    Deionized or distilled water.

     

    Sample collection and storage

    Serum - Use a serum separator tube (SST) and allow samples to clot for 30 minutes before centrifugation for 15 minutes at approximately 1000 × g. Remove serum and assay immediately or aliquot and store samples at -20℃ or -80℃.

    Tissue homogenates - The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. For this assay, tissue was rinsed with 1X PBS to remove excess blood, homogenized in 20 mL of 1X PBS and stored overnight at ≤ -20℃ After two freeze-thaw cycles were performed to break the cell membranes, the homogenates were centrifuged for 5 minutes at 5000 x g. Remove the supernate and assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20℃.

    Other biological fluids - Remove particulates by centrifugation and assay immediately or aliquot and store samples at -20℃ or -80℃. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

    Note: Serum and tissue homogenates to be used within 7 days may be stored at 2-8 ℃, otherwise samples must stored at -20℃ (≤ 1 months) or -80℃ (≤ 2 months) to avoid loss of bioactivity and contamination. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles. When performing the assay slowly bring samples to room temperature.

    DO NOT USE HEAT-TREATED SPECIMENS.

     

    Limitations of the procedure

    1.   The kit should not be used beyond the expiration date on the kit label.

    2.    Do not mix or substitute reagents with those from other lots or sources.

    3.    If samples generate values higher than the highest standard, further dilute the samples with the Sample Diluent and repeat the assay. Any variation in standard diluent, operator, pipetting technique, washing technique,incubation time or temperature, and kit age can cause variation in binding.

    4.    This assay is designed to eliminate interference by soluble receptors, ligands, binding proteins, and other factors present in biological samples. Until all factors have been tested in the Quantikine Immunoassay, the possibility of interference cannot be excluded.

     

    Reagent preparation

    Bring all reagents to room temperature before use.

    Wash Buffer - If crystals have formed in the concentrate, warm to room temperature and mix gently until the crystals have completely dissolved. Dilute 30 mL of Wash Buffer Concentrate into deionized or distilled water to prepare 750 mL of Wash Buffer.

    Standard - Reconstitute the Standard with 1.0 mL of Sample Diluent. This reconstitution produces a stock solution of 1250 pg/mL. Allow the standard to sit for a minimum of 15 minutes with gentle agitation prior to making serial dilutions (Making serial dilution in the wells directly is not permitted). The undiluted standard serves as the high standard (1250 pg/mL). The Sample Diluent serves as the zero standard (0 pg/mL).

     

    pg/mL               1250             625.             312.              156.              78.0              39.0              19.5               0

    Detection Reagent A and B - Dilute to the working concentration using Assay Diluent A and B (1:100), respectively.

    Substrate A and B - Configuration before use, mix with equal volumes of Substrate A & B

     

    Assay procedure

    Allow all reagents to reach room temperature (Please do not dissolve the reagents at 37℃ directly.). All the reagents should be mixed thoroughly by gently swirling before pipetting. Avoid foaming. Keep appropriate numbers of strips for 1 experiment and remove extra strips from microtiter plate. Removed strips should be resealed and stored at 4℃ until the kits expiry date. Prepare all reagents, working standards and samples as directed in the previous sections. Please predict the concentration before assaying. If values for these are not within the range of the standard curve, users must determine the optimal sample dilutions for their particular experiments.

     

    1.  Add 100 μl of Standard, Blank, or Sample per well. Cover with the Plate sealer. Incubate for 2 hours at 37℃.

    2.  Remove the liquid of each well, don’t wash.

    3.  Add 100 μl of Detection Reagent A working solution to each well. Cover with the Plate sealer. Incubate for 1 hour at 37℃. Detection Reagent A working solution may appear cloudy. Warm to room temperature and mix gently until solution appears uniform.

    4.  Aspirate each well and wash, repeating the process three times for a total of three washes. Wash by filling each well with Wash Buffer (approximately 400 μl) using a squirt bottle, multi-channel pipette, manifold dispenser or autowasher. Complete removal of liquid at each step is essential to good performance. After the last wash, remove any remaining Wash Buffer by aspirating or decanting. Invert the plate and blot it against clean paper towels.

    5.  Add 100 μl of Detection Reagent B working solution to each well. Cover with a new Plate sealer. Incubate for 1 hour at 37℃.

    6.  Repeat the aspiration/wash as in step 4.

    7.  Mix Substrate A and Substrate B to get Substrate working solution. Add 100 μl of Substrate working solution to each well. Gently shake and reaction 2 minutes, protect from light, and placed in the chemiluminescence analyzer microplate absorbance reader (RLU.S-1); checked once every 1-2 minutes interval, select a set of data with the best signal-to-noise ratio.

    Note:

     1. Each experiment, leaving a well as a blank zero, the well without any reagent, only at the last adds the substrate solution. Use this well to calibrate the measurement;

     2. To prevent sample evaporation, the reaction plate should be put in a closed box lined with damp cloth during test;

     

    Important Note:

    1.  Absorbance is a function of the incubation time. Therefore, prior to starting the assay it is recommended that all reagents should be freshly prepared prior to use and all required strip-wells are secured in the microtiter frame. This will ensure equal elapsed time for each pipetting step, without interruption.

    2.  Please carefully reconstitute Standards or working Detection Reagent A and B according to the instruction, and avoid foaming and mix gently until the crystals have completely dissolved. The reconstituted Standards can be used only once. This assay requires pipetting of small volumes. To minimize imprecision caused by pipetting, ensure that pipettors are calibrated. It is recommended to suck more than 10μl for once pipetting.

    3.    To ensure accurate results, proper adhesion of plate sealers during incubation steps is necessary. Do not allow wells to sit uncovered for extended periods between incubation steps. Once reagents have been added to the well strips, DO NOT let the strips DRY at any time during the assay.

    4.    For each step in the procedure, total dispensing time for addition of reagents to the assay plate should not exceed 10 minutes.

    5.    To avoid cross-contamination, change pipette tips between additions of each standard level, between sample additions, and between reagent additions. Also, use separate reservoirs for each reagent.

    6.    The wash procedure is critical. Insufficient washing will result in poor precision and falsely elevated absorbance readings.

    7.    Duplication of all standards and specimens, although not required, is highly recommended.

    8.    Substrate Solution is easily contaminated. Please protect it from light.

     

    Specificity

    This assay recognizes recombinant and natural human GDF-5. No significant cross-reactivity or interference was observed.

     

    Detection Range

    19.5-1250 pg/mL. The standard curve concentrations used for the CLIA’s were 1250 pg/mL, 625. pg/mL, 312. pg/mL, 156. pg/mL, 78.0 pg/mL, 39.0 pg/mL , 19.5pg/mL.

     

    Calculation of results

    Average the duplicate readings for each standard, control, and sample and subtract the average zero standard optical density. Create a standard curve by reducing the data using computer software capable of generating a four parameter logistic (4-PL) curve-fit. As an alternative, construct a standard curve by plotting the mean RLU.S-1 for each standard on the x-axis against the concentration on the y-axis and draw a best fit curve through the points on the graph. The data may be linearized by plotting the log of the GDF-5 concentrations versus the log of the RLU.S-1 and the best fit line can be determined by regression analysis. It is recommended to use some related software to do this calculation, such as curve expert 1.3. This procedure will produce an adequate but less precise fit of the data. If samples have been diluted, the concentration read from the standard curve must be multiplied by the dilution factor.

     

    Storage of test kits and instrumentation

    1.   Unopened test kits should be stored referring to the package label for frequent use, and stored at -20℃ for long time storage. The unused strips should be kept in a sealed bag and stored at 2-8℃ in their pouch with the desiccant provided to minimize exposure to damp air. The test kit may be used throughout the expiration date of the kit (six months from the date of manufacture). Opened test kits will remain stable until the expiring date shown, provided it is stored as prescribed above.

    2.   There may be some foggy substance in the wells when the plate is opened at the first time. It will not have any effect on the final assay results.

    3.   Do not remove microtiter plate from the storage bag until needed.

    4.   Use fresh disposable pipette tips for each transfer to avoid contamination.

    5.   Do not substitute reagents from one kit lot to another. Use only the reagents supplied by manufacturer.

    6.   Valid period: six months.

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