Language:
  
[Sign in] [Register]   

EIAab logo

Index > paper Center > paper list.
Enter your KeyWord (Ex. ELISA Kit, Cuticular Active Peptide Factor, etc)
search
Search content in EIAab's paper.

Resveratrol ameliorated the behavioral deficits in a mouse model of post-traumatic stress disorder

Posted by ZS Zhang, ZK Qiu, JL He, et al. on 2017-10-18 20:26:17

Abstract

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has become a major psychiatric and neurological issue. Resveratrol is shown to be effective on depression and anxiety. However, the mechanism of anti-PTSD-like effects of resveratrol remains unknown. The present study aimed to explore the possible molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the anti-PTSD-like effects of resveratrol. Following a 2-day exposure to inescapable electric foot shocks, animals were administered resveratrol (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg, i.g.) during the behavioral tests, which included contextual freezing measurement, elevated plus maze test, staircase test, and open field test. Similar to the positive control drug sertraline (15 mg/kg, i.g.), the behavioral deficits of stressed mice were blocked by resveratrol (20 and 40 mg/kg, i.g.), which reversed the increased freezing time in contextual freezing measurement and the number of rears in the staircase test and blocked the decrease in time and number of entries in open arms in the elevated plus maze test without affecting the locomotor activity in the open field test. In addition, resveratrol (20 and 40 mg/kg, i.g.) antagonized the decrease in the levels of progesterone and allopregnanolone in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. Furthermore, long-term resveratrol attenuated the dysfunctions of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis simultaneously. Collectively, the evidence indicated that the anti-PTSD-like effects of resveratrol were associated with the normalization of biosynthesis of neurosteroids in the brain and prevention of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysfunction.

ITIH4: Effective Serum Marker, Early Warning and Diagnosis, Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Posted by XH Li, B Li, TS Guo, et al. on 2017-09-19 19:49:58

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly lethal malignant tumor evolved from cirrhosis. It is quite significant to seek accurate, easy markers for early warning and diagnosis of HCC. Through prospective cohort follow-up study and mass spectrometry, we discovered and verified a serum marker valuable for early warning and diagnosis. Follow-up observation was performed on cirrhosis patients. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was adopted to detect the serums of patients, and the serum polypeptides with a potential value in early HCC warning and diagnosis were screened. Electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was exploited to identify these screened polypeptides. Moreover, the serum marker concentration was determined by ELISA to validate the clinical value of the serum marker. Among 109 cirrhosis patients followed up for two years, 29 patients (26.6%) finally progressed into HCC. MALDI-TOF MS shows that the concentration of a 3155.66Da polypeptide was significantly different between the patients that progressed into HCC and those not. Through MS/MS identification, it is confirmed that the polypeptide is inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain 4 (ITIH4). The serum ITIH4 concentrations in two groups were measured with ELISA and compared with Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). Results show that serum ITIH4 and AFP concentrations were negatively correlated (r=−0.263, p=0.0006), and the ITIH4 concentration had a significant intergroup difference (p=0.000). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve indicates that its predictive value (area under the curve, AUC) is 0.667, superior to AFP. For the patients progressing into HCC, serum samples were separately collected when they were recruited and diagnosed as cirrhosis. Measurement on these samples reveals that ITIH4 was declining during the progression of HCC (p=0.006). By virtue of mass spectrometry, we discovered and identified a biomarker valuable for early HCC warning and diagnosis. This marker overperforms the commonly used AFP, demonstrating a bright prospect.

Abstract

Background

Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an inducible defense gene which plays a significant role in inflammation. HO-1 protects cells and tissues through the mechanism of anti-oxidation, maintaining microcirculation and anti-inflammation. The aim of the current study is to investigate the role of HO-1 on systemic inflammatory response in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).

Methods

Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned into four groups: control group (n = 10); SAP group (n = 10), SAP model was induced by retrograde injection of 3% sodium taurocholate through pancreatic duct; HO-1 stimulation group (n = 10), SD rats were injected 75 μg/kg hemin intraperitoneally 30 min after induction of SAP; HO-1 inhibition group (n = 10), SD rats were injected 20 μg/kg Zinc porphyrin (Zn-PP) intraperitoneally 30 min after induction of SAP. After 24 h of SAP establishment, tissues were collected for HO-1, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA expression, and blood samples were collected for cytokines and biochemical measurements. Meanwhile, the histopathological changes of pancreas and liver tissues were observed.

Results

The expression of HO-1 mRNA and protein were significantly induced by SAP in rat pancreas and liver. Hemin treatment significantly decreased oxidative stress and TNF-α in plasma and tissues, while the IL-10 was significantly increased. Pancreas and liver injury induced by SAP was markedly attenuated by Hemin treatment. Moreover, inhibition of HO-1 expression by Zn-PP administration aggravated the injury caused by SAP.

Conclusions

Induction of HO-1 in early SAP may modulate systemic inflammatory response and prevent pancreas and nearby organs such as liver injury through inhibition of TNF-α and augmentation of IL-10.

Sustained spontaneous partial remission in a pediatric patient with type 1 diabetes

Posted by M Murillo, M Fonolleda, L Bosch, et al. on 2017-09-19 18:55:26

Abstract

Spontaneous, partial and transient remission of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a period that requires minor doses of exogenous insulin and lasts a few months. We present a 18-year-old girl, diagnosed at 12 years with T1D, with spontaneous and partial remission of T1D sustained for more than 6 years.

Abstract

The contribution of DNA methylation to diabetic nephropathy, especially the effect on podocyte integrity, is not clarified. Here we found that albuminuria in a db/db mouse model was markedly attenuated after treatment with a DNA methylation inhibitor. This was accompanied by alleviation of glomerular hypertrophy, mesangial matrix expansion, and podocyte injury. The expression of DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1), nuclear factor Sp1, and nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB)-p65 markedly increased in podocytes in vivo and in vitro under the diabetic state. The increased expression of Dnmt1 was attenuated after treatment with 5-azacytidine or 5-aza-2 -deoxycytidine or Dnmt1 knockdown, accompanied by restored decreased podocyte slit diaphragm proteins resulting from hypermethylation and improved podocyte motility. Further studies found that increased Sp1 and NFκB-p65 interacted in the nucleus of podocytes incubated with high glucose, and Sp1 bound to the Dnmt1 promoter region. The involvement of the Sp1/NFκB-p65 complex in Dnmt1 regulation was confirmed by the observation that Sp1 knockdown using mithramycin A or siRNA decreased Dnmt1 protein levels. The luciferase reporter assay further indicated that Dnmt1 was a direct target of Sp1. Thus, inhibition of DNA methylation may be a new therapeutic avenue for treating diabetic nephropathy. Hence, the Sp1/NFκB p65-Dnmt1 pathway may be exploited as a therapeutic target for protecting against podocyte injury in diabetic nephropathy.

Page 2 of 172
Hot paper
Hot Genes
ALCAM ACE KSR2 ASPRO C19orf80 Gdf5 Trap1a Atf2
Top Searches
Ubiquitin ELISA Asprosin Ubiquitin-protein ligase metalloproteinase TRAP1A Tumor necrosis vitamin d
Why choose EIAAB
Our products have been quoted by many publications in famous journals such as Cell; Cell Metabolism; Hepatology; Biomaterials.more
Further Information
About us Protein center Bank account Distributors Terms & Conditions Career eiaab.cn

Copyright & copy www.eiaab.com2006-2016 All Rights Reserved    EIAab         Email:eiaab@eiaab.com

Twitter