[Sign in] [Register]   

EIAab logo

Index > paper Center > paper list.
Enter your KeyWord (Ex. ELISA Kit, Cuticular Active Peptide Factor, etc)
Search content in EIAab's paper.


The contribution of DNA methylation to diabetic nephropathy, especially the effect on podocyte integrity, is not clarified. Here we found that albuminuria in a db/db mouse model was markedly attenuated after treatment with a DNA methylation inhibitor. This was accompanied by alleviation of glomerular hypertrophy, mesangial matrix expansion, and podocyte injury. The expression of DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1), nuclear factor Sp1, and nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB)-p65 markedly increased in podocytes in vivo and in vitro under the diabetic state. The increased expression of Dnmt1 was attenuated after treatment with 5-azacytidine or 5-aza-2 -deoxycytidine or Dnmt1 knockdown, accompanied by restored decreased podocyte slit diaphragm proteins resulting from hypermethylation and improved podocyte motility. Further studies found that increased Sp1 and NFκB-p65 interacted in the nucleus of podocytes incubated with high glucose, and Sp1 bound to the Dnmt1 promoter region. The involvement of the Sp1/NFκB-p65 complex in Dnmt1 regulation was confirmed by the observation that Sp1 knockdown using mithramycin A or siRNA decreased Dnmt1 protein levels. The luciferase reporter assay further indicated that Dnmt1 was a direct target of Sp1. Thus, inhibition of DNA methylation may be a new therapeutic avenue for treating diabetic nephropathy. Hence, the Sp1/NFκB p65-Dnmt1 pathway may be exploited as a therapeutic target for protecting against podocyte injury in diabetic nephropathy.



The development of complementary treatment strategies that focuses on achieving a balance between adaptive and apoptotic unfolded protein response (UPR), enhancing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis, and thus preserving β cell mass and function is particularly warranted.


This study was designed to investigate the effectiveness of the combined treatment by Quercetin (QUE) and Liraglutide (LIRA) in modulating hyperglycemia, insulin-insensitivity, UPR/ER stress markers, apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammation using a high-fat diet/streptozotocin −induced type 2 diabetic rat model.


Sixty male albino rats were allocated into five equal groups: normal control, diabetic control, LIRA treated diabetic; QUE treated diabetic and combined treatment diabetic groups. Fasting glucose, insulin, CHOP, macrophage inflammatory protein −1 α (MIP-1α) and Bax, Bcl2 levels were estimated by ELISA; mRNA expression levels of the spliced X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) were estimated using quantitative real-time RT-PCR, while MDA, advanced oxidation protein products, reduced glutathione levels and protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) activity were evaluated spectrophotometrically. Pancreatic tissues were also subjected to histopathological examination.


The combined treatment with both LIRA and QUE causes significant improvements in all the studied parameters; including XBP1 splicing, CHOP, MIP-1α, Bax/Bcl2 ratio, PDI activity, as well as oxidative stress markers as compared to either treatment alone. It also attenuated pancreatic histopathological damage.

In conclusion

Our study nominates this combination to be used in T2DM to achieve adequate glycaemic control and to preserve optimal β cell function.

Vanillin as a new modulator candidate for renal injury induced by cisplatin in experimental rats

Posted by M M.Elseweidy, S E.Elswefy, M Shawky, et al. on 2017-09-18 20:02:59


Cisplatin is commonly prescribed for the treatment of various solid tumors but its use is limited due to certain side effects and renal injury is a true example. Oxidative stress and inflammation may contribute to the cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity. Accordingly, we evaluated the effect of oral vanillin intake (100 mg/kg body weight) daily for 4 weeks to combat this hazard. The present results have demonstrated significant attenuation of oxidative stress and renal injury where reduced glutathione (GSH) showed significant increase along with malondialdehyde (MDA) decrease. Fibrotic markers like fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), inflammatory mediators such as nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) showed also significant decrease in vanillin treated rats as compared with the control group.

Renal function showed also significant improvement where urea and creatinine demonstrated significant decrease and the histopathological study presented a good support to the biochemical markers results. Our conclusion that vanillin is a potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic agent. Additionally, it is a good modulator candidate for the renal injury induced by cisplatin intake.


Insulin resistance is prevalent worldwide and is associated with many metabolic diseases, in particular, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Angiopoietin-like protein 8 (ANGPTL8), a newly-identified secreted protein composing of 198 amino acids, is enriched in the liver of human. Considering its promising potential for β-cell proliferation and therapeutic prospect for diabetes, ANGPTL8 has aroused extensive interests. However, a recent collaborative study confirmed that ANGPTL8 didn’t stimulate dramatic β-cell regeneration. At present, a controversial scientific discussion on whether and how ANGPTL8 regulate insulin resistance has been ongoing. Interestingly, several in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested the complex roles of ANGPTL8 in insulin resistance. Data resulting from cross-sectional and longitudinal researches in human individuals involving the influence of ANGPTL8 on the development of insulin resistance were controversial. We therefore summarize currently clinical literature to exploit whether this exciting hormone could be applied for clinical application as a potential clinical biomarker to predict insulin resistance and related disorders.


Calcineurin, a serine/threonine phosphatase is a calcium dependent protein which on activation triggers transcriptional up regulation of inflammatory genes associated with inflammation in the arteries and progressive formation of plaques in CAD. The present investigation is aimed to study the possible association of Calcineurin encoding gene PPP3R1 (CnB 5I/5D) polymorphism in correlation with serum levels of calcineurin in coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 300 angiographically documented CAD patients and 300 age, gender ethnicity matched healthy controls were recruited for the study. Serum Calcineurin levels were estimated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and genotypes were determined based on PCR-RFLP. The CnB 5I/5D variation was found to be significantly associated with CAD (p < 0.03), correlated to elevated serum calcineurin levels encoded by (< 0.01) 5I/5D allele authenticated by Insilco analysis. Multiple logistic regression analysis also confirmed these findings [adjusted OR for DD genotype was 3.19 (95% CI 1.40–7.24) and p = 0.001]. The results suggest that 5-base pair deletion results in increased serum calcineurin levels and may trigger up regulation of calcineurin which mediates vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis in CAD.

Page 9 of 178
Hot paper
Hot Genes
ALCAM ACE KSR2 ASPRO C19orf80 Gdf5 Trap1a Atf2
Top Searches
Ubiquitin ELISA Ubiquitin-protein ligase Asprosin metalloproteinase TRAP1A Tumor necrosis vitamin d
Why choose EIAAB
Our products have been quoted by many publications in famous journals such as Cell; Cell Metabolism; Hepatology; Biomaterials.more
Further Information
About us Protein center Bank account Distributors Terms & Conditions Career

Copyright & copy www.eiaab.com2006-2016 All Rights Reserved    EIAab