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Involvement of K< sup>+ channel-dependant pathways in lipoxin A< sub> 4-induced protective effects on hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of card
Update time:2014-02-27 22:59:26   【 Font: Large  Medium Small

 

Abstract

Studies have shown that lipoxin A4 (LXA4) and activation of LXA4 receptor provided protection against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in animal models. However, the mechanisms by which LXA4 induced protective role on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury remains unclear. In the present studies, we investigated the protective effects of LXA4 on H9c2 cardiomyocytes exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury and involvement of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)- and K+ channel-dependant pathways in the LXA4action. H9c2 cardiomyocytes were pretreated with or without LXA4 or HO-1 specific interfering RNA (siRNA) or various blockers and openers of K+ channels before exposing to H/R injury. The levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) in cellular supernatants and necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in cellular lysates were measured by using ELISA. Expressions of HO-1 mRNA and protein were analyzed by using RT-PCR and Western blot respectively. Pretreatment of the cells undergoing H/R injury with LXA4significantly reduced the LDH and CK levels induced by H/R injury, and increased the expressions and activity of HO-1. However, the protective effects of LXA4 were completely blocked by transfection of the cells with HO-1 siRNA, and were partially but significantly blocked by pretreatment of the cells with various blockers of K+ channels. The LXA4-induced expressions of HO-1 in the cells were also inhibited by HO-1 siRNA and various blockers of K+ channels. The inhibitory effects of LXA4 on enhanced TNF-α levels induced by H/R injury were abolished by transfection of the cells with HO-1 siRNA. In conclusion, the protective role of LXA4 on cardiomyocytes against H/R injury is related to upregulation of HO-1 via reduced production of TNF-α and activation of ATP-sensitive K+ channels and calcium-sensitive K+ channel.

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Source:Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA)      by XQ Chen, SH Wu, Y Zhou, et al.
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